NESCHILLE M. LADORES
What is technology? Technology as applied science and engineering clearly presents a relevant but limited view. It is, perhaps, a better definition of 'technique'. The notion that what designers do with technology is to simply apply scientific knowledge would be to misunderstand both what science and technology is. While the issue of science will be addressed below, suffice it to say that because design cannot be value free, neither can technology in the hands of a designer. Missing are the realm of consciousness and judgment; value and 'will' remain untouched.
According to Jose Ortega y Gasset, in his essay "Thoughts on Technology", presents a fuller view that reflects technology as going beyond pure application of empirical knowledge. He says: "Everything becomes clear when we realize that there are two purposes of technology: "One, to sustain organic life, mere being in nature, by adapting the individual to the environment; the other, to promote the good life, well-being, by adapting the environment to the individual. "Thus Ortega y Gasset distinguishes technology which is for survival from technology which is the result of will and desire. The point seems to be that technology must be recognized as going beyond minimal existence. In doing so, technology becomes integral with using our environment for what we see as good; values generate technology.
According to Carl Mitcham, a noted technology scholar, also sees 'will' as the core of technological activity. He identifies technology with three categories: "technology-as-knowledge (thought), technology-as-process (activity), and technology-as-product (object)". These categories, however, do not pursue the reason for the why of technology. Mitcham insists that one must pursue the question about the origins and the meanings of technology, and thus the...