Grammar may be taught in a range of manners, and that includes a formal style that be will suitably work with the class you are familiar with. The more old school conventional method at the time Grammar-translation, “students were given an explanation of individual points of grammar, and then they were given sentences which exemplified these points. These sentences had to be translated from target language (L2) back to the students first language (L1) and vice versa.” Language like this was at sentence level only and with little consideration to spoken English and accuracy was must. Then the Direct Method came about to broaden the scope of learning grammar by incorporating teacher and student discussion over the grammatical forms they were studying items and pictures etc. the sentence was the main interest, and accuracy was still very important. In the 1920s and 30s the Direct method changed into the Audiolingual method, using stimulus-response-reinforcement, this was designed to promote habit formation through repetition of correct utterances and positive reinforcement. Accuracy was still vital.
Presentation practice and production (PPP) is a different method that is situational contextual presentation. A scene of a sort people at a birthday party for example, followed by practice of the language used to answer the questions, the teacher will ask student individually or chorally to repeat sentences back and skillfully correct any mistakes. Then we would move onto production and using what they have just learnt, the teacher would then ask them to them to think of something to use it with for example (past tense) he had played rugby with he’s brother last Friday.
This method doesn’t focus on formal grammar but is good for younger learners.
Engage, Study, Activate (ESA) is similar to PPP but is more versatile, (and also can be combined with a lexical approach.) the aim is to engage the students through good topic selection with a well-planned lesson that...