|Learning Connection—Learning Guide |
|Referencing using the Harvard system (author-date system) |
|What is referencing? |How do you arrange the reference list? |
|Why should you reference? |What is the difference between a reference list |
| |and a bibliography? |
|Which referencing system should you use? |Examples for reference lists |
|References in the text of your assignment |Should you paraphrase or use quotations? |
|Examples of in-text references |A sample extract from an essay |
|Reference lists |Further reading |
|Keeping track of the referencing details |More on referencing |
What is referencing?
When you write an assignment at university, you are usually required to refer to the work of other authors. Each time you do so, it is necessary to identify their work by making reference to it—both in the text of your assignment (called ‘in-text’ referencing) and in a list at the end of your assignment (called a ‘Reference List’ or ‘end-text’ referencing). This practice of acknowledging authors is known as ‘referencing’.
References must be provided whenever you use someone else’s opinions, theories, data or organisation of material. You need to reference information from books, articles, videos, computers and other print or electronic sources. A reference is required if you:
▪ paraphrase (use their idea in your own words)
▪ summarise (use a brief account of their ideas)
▪ quote (use someone else’s exact words)
▪ copy (use their figures, tables or...