The following paper will explain the different types, stages, and processes of memory; detailed into two types of memory (explicit and implicit) and the three key memory stages sensory (short-term memory (STM), and long-term memory (LTM)). We will then learn how memory can fail us in several different ways. When people initially think of a person’s memory, most do not realize it is made up of an intricate system of multifaceted processes, with each one performing a different function that builds on the next to encode, store and retrieve knowledge.
Explicit memory includes recalling knowledge and experiences consciously. It is the type most people associate with their memory. We use it every day when we have to recall scheduled appointments for example, your Outlook calendar for the day, or a past experience that relates to something you are currently doing. In order to recall something, the experience or knowledge has to be processed in a specific way. For example, when you think about your cell phone, you recall a number of memories and data related to your cell phone. These can be, but are not limited to, a text message, a picture you took of your dog or child, just to name a few.
Explicit memory is divided into two subparts; episodic and semantic. Episodic memory includes our personal experiences whereas semantic memory is the knowledge we learn. They work together to recall special events such as your first date with your spouse, or directions on getting to the place where you first met. These two parts of our memory are extremely important as we need them to compare and contrast what we have experienced with what we learned. While episodic memory can be stored for many years, semantic memory can be retained much longer and well into old age.
Implicit memory is unconscious and allows you to pull from previous experiences without being aware of these experiences. They influence our behavior and make things seem natural or unexplainable. It is how we...