Models of Abnormal Behavior
§ What are models?
Systems used to describe phenomena
Some theoretically based
Some empirically derived
§ If models are not fact why use them?
To derive and test hypotheses
To serve as a starting block
In psychotherapy case conceptualization
Models of Psychopathology
Based upon functioning of structures in the brain
i.e. brain damage
Chemical imbalance (what does this mean)
Ex. Dopamine in schizophrenia
Sequencing the genome possibilities?
Criticisms of Biological Model
§ Does not explain psychopathology with no biological determinant
§ Twin studies
§ Diathesis-stress models
§ Environmental-biological interactions
§ Limits treatment implications
§ Psychological disorders result from:
Trauma/anxiety during childhood
Repressed childhood anxieties
Freud pioneer in psychoanalysis
Believed that mental processes going on a subconscious level
Role of therapist to help client gain insight into these subconscious processes
§ Personality Structure
Id (pleasure principle)
Ego (reality principle)
§ Psychosexual Stages
§ Freud’s theory of psychopathology based upon three types of anxiety
§ Freud speculated that repression occurred when anxiety gets out of control.
§ Protect, operate unconsciously and distort reality
§ Examples of repression?