Prepared By Michaela Boyle.
The Montessori Method
Dr Maria Montessori.
Born August 31 1870, Chiaravalle Italy. Only child, moved to Rome aged 5. Became 1st Female Doctor in Italy Chose paediatrics and so observed children First worked with mentally disabled children in the hospital From this she took an interest in educating From experience of observing she developed her methods.
After working with the disabled she wanted to practice her theories on typically developed children Opened 1st Montessori Jan 6th 1907 News of school’s spread and by 1910 they acclaimed were worldwide.
The Montessori Method.
The Montessori system of education is both a philosophy of child development and a rationale for guiding such growth. It is based on two developmental needs of the children:
1. The need for freedom within limits.
2 .A carefully prepared environment which guarantees exposure to materials and experience.
Children are to be respected as different from adults and as individuals who differ from each other. Children possess an unusual sensitivity and intellectual ability to absorb and learn from their environment that are unlike those of the adult both in quality and capacity. The most important years of children’s growth are the first six years of life when unconscious learning is gradually brought to the conscious level.
Montessori materials are used in the classroom to help develop and refine a child’s five senses. Use of these materials constitutes the next level of difficulty after those of practical life. sensorial materials have what is called "control of error", meaning that the child not only works with the material, but has a way to check the work rather than seeking out the teacher.
Thanks for listening! And remember…
“Children learn to learn, they are not taught to learn” – Dr. Maria...