University of Phoenix Material
Motivation Concepts Table
Use the following table to complete the Motivation Concept Table assignment for Week One. You are encouraged to modify table formatting to suit your needs. Please consult with course instructor for additional assignment specifications. The completed table will serve as a resource for the remainder of the course.
Time Period Created
Key Theory Concepts
Will motivates all actions. Will initiates and directs action.
Striving to create impulses to act. The ability to resist self-denial or resisting temptation.
Decides whether or not to act.
Behavior is unlearned, automated and mechanistic. Biological urges impulses and appetites.
The function of behavior was to serve bodily needs.
All behavior was motivated to serve the satisfaction of needs.
Drive is a physiological basis and bodily need is the ultimate basis of motivation and could be predicted before it occurred.
Sheffield and Roby
Learning can occur when there is no equivalent experience of drive decline.
Learning occurs when there is a drive reductions and well as an increase in drive.
Decline of Drive Theory
Motivation can result from something other than bodily disturbances.
A decrease in drive is not necessary for learning to occur.
Had the dominant perspective on motivation.
Optimal level of arousal.
Post-Drive Theory Years
Pleasure centers in the brain.
Approach and avoidance conflicts, conditioned motives.