• Bantu people lived in same area as Nok and spread across Africa
- Bantu means “the people”
• African peoples spoke similar languages based on Bantu parent language
- these peoples were not one group, but many with similar cultures
- were farmers, herders, and eventually ironworkers
• Bantu began migrating to central, southern Africa about 3,000 years ago
- migration—to move from one region to another
• Slow migration—one of historyʼs greatest—took thousands of years
• Some groups built villages in Congo River rain forest, farmed banks
• Later groups went south to African grasslands, raised cattle and crops
• Groups still made iron farm tools, setting them apart from others
Effects of Migration
• Bantu speakers moved to areas where other people already lived
- adopted cattle herding from peoples near present-day Lake Victoria
- displaced hunting-gathering peoples
- exchanged ideas and customs, intermarried with existing peoples
- shared knowledge of ironmaking, agriculture
- spread their Bantu-based languages
To which areas of Africa did the Bantu speakers migrate?MAIN IDEAS
Geography The people of west, central, and southern Africa adapted to
life in a variety of environments.
Economics The Nok people were the fi rst ironworkers of West Africa.
Geography Migration by the Bantu people from West Africa populated
central and southern Africa.
Early Life in Africa
ESSENTIAL QUESTION What were some of the environments that the people
of west, central, and southern Africa had to adapt to?
A Variety of Environments
• Sahara dried up, people moved south into West Africa around 4000 B.C.
• West, central, southern Africa had savannahs, rain forests
• Rain forests didnʼt support much farming
• Grassy savannahs cover over 40 percent of African continent
- have dry and rainy seasons
Herding and Farming
• Desertifi cation, climate gave savannahs south of Sahara thin soil
- soil was bad for...