July 4, 2016
New Testament Bible Dictionary Project
The authorship of the fourth Gospel is John the apostle, son of Zebedee, brother of James who identifies himself as “the disciple Jesus loved”(Hindson & Towns, 2015) and written toward the end of the first century A.D. 90 (Gangel, 2000). The primary literary genre is narrative. The purpose of the Gospel of John found in John 20:30-31 which is to convince readers that Jesus is the Messiah the Christ a divine revealer the Son of God (Kysar, 1976). Another purpose of the Gospel of John was to bring unbelievers to faith and to sustain those who are already believers (Kysar, 1976). The key themes are Jesus Christ, Son of God, eternal life, belief, Holy Spirit, and Resurrection. His key personalities are Jesus, John the Baptist, the disciples, Mary, Martha, Lazarus, Pilate, Mary Magdalene, and Jesus’ mother, Mary. Major events of the Gospel of John are the birth and preparation of Jesus (1:1-2:11 NIV), message and ministry of Jesus (2:12-12:50 NIV), and death and resurrection of Jesus (13:1-21:25 NIV).
John the Baptist
Born six months before Jesus to Zachariah and Elizabeth. He was appointed to be Jesus’s forerunner (Gangel, 2000). It was an angel who announced to Zachariah the birth of John the Baptist who was to be a Nazirite which means one who is set apart for God’s service (Henry, 2011). Contemporaries were Herod Anitpas, and Herodias. John the Baptist ministry was to bring the people from their sin to their Savior (Henry, 2011). He fulfilled prophecy told in scripture Isaiah 40:3 in his ministry and his baptism. He was a simple man who lived in the mountainous tract of Judea, and he only was clothed in camel’s hair and a leather belt around his waist, and he ate locust and wild honey (Matthew 3:4 NIV). In his ministry, he preached proclaiming the coming of Messiah, preaching repentance, and the turning away from selfish pursuits. His office as forerunner ended when he baptized...