NIGERIAN CAPITAL MARKET
The capital market is a highly specialized and organized financial market and indeed essential agent of economic growth because of its ability to facilitate and mobilize saving and investment. To a great extent, the positive relationship between capital accumulation real economic growths has long affirmed in economic theories (¬¬¬Anyanwu, 1993).
Success in capital accumulation and mobilization for development varies among nations, but it is largely dependent on domestic savings and inflows of foreign capital. Therefore, to arrest the menace of the current economic downturn, effort must be geared towards effective resources mobilization. It is in realization of this that consideration is given to measure for the development of capital market as an institution for the mobilization of finance from the surplus sectors to the deficit sectors.
1.1 DEFINITION OF CAPITAL MARKET
Capital market is a market where buyers and sellers engage in trade of financial securities like bonds, stocks, etc. Capital market is a market where buyers and sellers engage in trade of financial securities like bonds, stocks, etc. The buying/selling is undertaken by participants
such as individuals and institutions.
Capital markets help channelize surplus funds from savers to institutions which then invest them into productive use. Generally, this market trades mostly in long-term securities.
The primary aim of the Nigerian capital market is to mobilize long-term funds. The Nigerian Stock Exchange (NSE) is the centre point of the capital market while the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) serves as the apex regulatory body. It provides a mechanism for mobilizing private and public savings and makes such funds available for productive purposes. The Exchange also provides a means for trading in existing securities. The major instruments used to raise funds in the market include equities, debentures, bonds and stocks....