The Pace of Life in 31 Countries
I. Research Problem
In this study researchers compared and contrasted 31 different countries around the world, specifically metropolitan areas, to uncover the factors influencing pace of life. Several studies have demonstrated strong and consistent differences in the overall pace of life in a variety of countries ( ). This study however, recognized the need for research reflecting the greater constellation of community that directly impacts the pace of life experienced (Levine & Norenzayan, 1999). II. Introduction
The present study uncovered factors influencing the pace of life in in 31 different countries (metropolitan cities). Several indicators were used to measure pace of life such as: walking speed, work speed of postal clerks, and accuracy of public clocks (Levine & Norenzayan, 1999). These measures were chosen in hopes of discovering an inclusive theory appearing to be a step in the right direction (Levine & Norenzayan, 1999).
Researchers investigated the differences in pace of life across cities in a wide range of countries. The pace of life was defined as “the rate, speed and relative rapidity of experiences, meanings, perceptions and activities” (Levine & Norenzayan, 1999, p. 178). Community characteristics were examined to uncover a “best predicted differences in pace; and explored the consequences of the pace of life for the wellbeing of individuals and their communities” (Levine & Norenzayan, 1999 ). These measures were sampled and then correlated with statistics reflecting climate, economic wellbeing, individualism-collectivism, coronary heard disease (CHD), cigarette smoking, and life satisfaction for each city (when available) or country (Levine & Norenzayan, 1999).
IV. Results Overall, pace of life was fastest in Japan and the countries of Western Europe and was slowest in...