PON (Passive optical networks) is a point to multipoint telecommunication network structure. PON is a FTTH/FTTP i.e. fiber to the home/premises architecture that enables multi premises through a single optical fiber and unpowered optical splitters. There is no electricity required for transmission of signal by optical fiber splitter and hence, it’s a technology that helps in saving energy. Other benefits include greater reliability, higher bandwidth and unmatched security. Gigabit passive optical network (GPON) cater high speed video, data and video services to both business and residential users. By the use of GPON technology the active devices connected to a computer network is also reduced. Due to the high bandwidth and modern security, GPON is used majorly for defense services.
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Ethernet passive optical network (EPON) supports in offering enterprise and broadband services including time division multiplexing, internet and voice connectivity, IPTV and voice services by the service providers. Reliability, advanced security, high return on investment, low cost of ownership and simplified network operations are the major factors generating opportunities for growth in the GPON .market. Asia Pacific PON market is expected to experience high growth in the upcoming years due to technological advancements, rising bandwidth requirement and increased investments in research infrastructure. High installation and operational costs acts as a drawback in the growth of the global PON market. North America and Europe captures almost half of the market share for global PON market. Increase use of passive optical network equipment and strong optical network set-up are the major reasons for this.
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GPON and EPON both use OLT and ONT. The ONT is placed at the end users premises,...