Personality Theories and Assessments

Personality Theories and Assessments

  • Submitted By: joejoe
  • Date Submitted: 02/19/2009 8:02 PM
  • Category: Psychology
  • Words: 289
  • Page: 2
  • Views: 769

Humanistic theory assumes that we are positively motivated and progress toward higher levels of functioning. Carl Roger’s thoughts were that men and women develop their personalities in the service of positive goals.

People differing according to the degree to which they possess certain personality traits such as dependency, anxiety, aggressiveness and sociability describe trait theory.

Social learning theory claims that people internally organize their expectancies and values to guide their behavior. This is a unique set of standards created throughout our life experiences.

Determining how to assess each theory and therefore personality varies but there are four common methods. They are personal interviews, direct observation, objective tests and projective tests. Personal interviews can be either unstructured or structured and are typically used with psychodynamic, humanistic and social learning theories. Direct observation is observing a person over a period of time to determine influence on their behavior and is used with social learning theories. Objective tests are scored using defined procedures but rely on a person giving honest and accurate answers regarding their behavior and are used with humanistic or social learning theories. Lastly, projective tests consist of ambiguous stimuli that can generate many different responses and are used with psychodynamic theory.

The test at would be classified as an objective test. It asks behavior questions and must assume an individual is answering it honestly and knowingly. I feel that while these types of tests are beneficial they cannot be used as the only personality assessment of an individual. Mainly due to not knowing if the answers provided are honest and factual. In my assessment of this test, I feel it seemed to capture some of my personality traits well while missing others.

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