Child labour situation
The National Child Labour survey,1 conducted in 1996 by the Federal Bureau of Statistics, found 3.3 million of the 40 million children (in the 5-14 years age group) to be economically active2 on a full-time basis. Of the 3.3 million working children, 73 per cent (2.4 million) were boys and 27 per cent (0.9 million), girls. Children's contribution to work in rural areas is about eight times greater than in urban areas. The number of economically active children in the 10-14 years age group is more than four times the children in the 5-9 years age group. Rural children are mostly engaged in the agricultural sector (74 per cent), whereas in urban areas, most working children (31 per cent) are engaged in the manufacturing sector.
Pakistan has a large youth population. An estimated 103 million or 63 per cent of the population fall under the age of 25 years. Due to endemic poverty, the majority of youth in Pakistan do not have the opportunity to experience a childhood.
The birth rate of Pakistan is 28 per 1000 people (2011 est.).5. It is 69th in the world in terms of birth rate.6 In United Kingdom it is 12.25 per 1000 people. It is 161st in the world in respect to Birth rate. 7Pakistan’s crude birth rate has decreased from before. Its population density is 228.5 persons per sq. km. 8 Pakistan is also the 6th over-populated country in the World.9 Pakistan’s natural growth of population is about 1.7 %. Its literacy rate