Prisons in America
By Jesse Pinzon
D.F.Jochims ENC 1101-30067 July 22, 2013 Research Paper
Pinzon 1 Jesse A. Pinzon D.F.Jochims ENC 1101-30067 July 22, 2013 Prisons in America The development of the prisons in America has had and continues to have a huge impact on the American country. These prisons continue to expand and develop as time goes on. The American country adapts in ways that are not only beneficial but also in ways that are unfortunate as these prisons continue to develop. The expenses to run and maintain good upkeep for these prison facilities grow substantially as years pass. The main purpose for these prisons is to keep dangerous criminals off the street to provide protection to the American society. Yes this is beneficial, but at the same time unfortunate because these prison facilities in America are packed with unfriendliness and violence. The prisons in America seem to cause extra harms than support for the American society. The prison industry is one of the fastest growing industries in the U.S (Pelaez par.4). The start of the prison industry began in the 18th century. First prisons in the U.S were established as “penitentiaries” (Sperry 1). Prisons were among the first public buildings built in the new world. In the 18th century, people who couldn’t afford to pay their debts were used as force labor and the time spent working in prison was an alternative way to pay off their debt. Prisons also have been used to lock away political dissidents, the mentally ill, and prisoners of war. The eighteenth century is an interesting era in the history of capital punishment. Crime was much more
Pinzon 2 prevalent due to the development of early capitalism, the rise of trade, and the beginnings of the Industrial Revolution, which transformed the economy (Lynch par.5). By the late 19th Century, atrocity over prison conditions led to the "reformatory" movement, which struggled to redefine prison's part as that of "reforming" prisoners into...