Running Head: PROBLEM SOLVING THERAPY
Views on Problem Solving:
University of Mount Olive
According to Goldstein (2011), we solve problems every day. The common goal of any science is learning how and why things work the way they do (Goldstein, 2011). The main objective of human behavior is understood through predicting, monitoring, describing and explaining (Ciccarelli & White, 2012). Problems can be difficult and solving them is not always an immediate and easy task. In 1920, the Gestalt approach was introduced in psychology to study problem solving. The overall view was not only of perception; but beliefs, attitudes, problem solving, and learning. Problem solving shows how people will represent a problem in their minds and how a solution would reform or rearrange this representation. We begin to memorize large amounts of information by creative imaging or chunking to help solve any problem (Goldstein, 2011). Piaget was convinced that in the formal preoperational stage children were active learners (Berk, 2013). Knowledge has been a perception of our mental representation concerning certain categories in problem solving. Everything that can be brought to mind could be categorized as a definition, prototype, or example of things or people being placed appropriately (Goldstein, 2011). Tests were designed that individuals would develop perception and have a creative thinking pattern.
Just how do children solve problems they might encounter within a faculty setting? What are their relationships in group settings, and at lunch? Negative or positive emotions will affect how one may solve problems (Areán, 2009). It is important to consider that social skills in early development help children progress in later problem solving strategies. Theoretical perspectives in human development can be different in many avenues because children have such a remarkable set of capabilities at a very young age. Children are very active...