Leadership greatly depends on the situation, many scholars dispute the validity of this statement, and it can be interpreted in different ways, depending on how we define leadership. There are many statements regarding leadership, some says leadership involves the process of influence; some differentiate between transactional and transformational leadership, charismatic leadership vs. tyrannical leadership and narcissistic leadership. And some measure leadership with success of organization’s capacity effectiveness. Some says leadership is motivating people to work together collaboratively to accomplish great things.
Below are the brief descriptions of different theory of leadership that has been discussed in the article:-
A Heroic Conception of Leadership:- Leadership which assumed to be a general personal trait independent of the context in which the leadership is performed is referred to heroic conception of leadership.
The Search for Effective Leader Behaviors:- They were not concerned with leadership traits as indicated by performance on standardized tests but rather with the leader’s actions in carrying out the leadership role.
The Pure Situational Theory was central task of exploring theories and research examining the role of situational factors in the leadership, examining trait vs. behavior leadership.
Fiedler’s Contingency Model:- The Fiedler contingency model bases the leader's effectiveness on what Fred Fiedler called situational contingency. This results from the interaction of leadership style and situational favorability. The theory defined two types of leader: those who tend to accomplish the task by developing good relationships with the group (relationship-oriented), and those who have as their prime concern carrying out the task itself (task-oriented). According to Fiedler, there is no ideal leader. Both task-oriented and relationship-oriented leaders can be effective if their leadership orientation fits the situation. When there is a...