This chapter deals with the assessment of literatures which relate to the topic the recruitment and
selection practices of organization. Several literatures would be selected and relevant areas
would be reviewed and evaluated. This chapter provides information about aspect of previous
works which relate to this study. In view of this, a number of presentations culled from various
sources are under review here.
2.1 The Concept of Recruitment and Selection
According to Costello (2006) recruitment is described as the set of activities and processes used
to legally obtain a sufficient number of qualified people at the right place and time so that the
people and the organization can select each other in their own best short and long term interests.
In other words, the recruitment process provides the organization with a pool of potentially
qualified job candidates from which judicious selection can be made to fill vacancies.
Successful recruitment begins with proper employment planning and forecasting. In this phase
of the staffing process, an organization formulates plans to fill or eliminate future job openings
based on an analysis of future needs, the talent available within and outside of the organization,
and the current and anticipated resources that can be expanded to attract and retain such talent.
Also related to the success of a recruitment process are the strategies an organization is prepared
to employ in order to identify and select the best candidates for its developing pool of human
resources. Organizations seeking recruits for base-level entry positions often require minimum
qualifications and experiences. These applicants are usually recent high school or
university/technical college graduates many of whom have not yet made clear decisions about
future careers or are contemplating engaging in advanced academic activity. At the middle