Civil Rights Act (1964-1991)
Covers: Private employers with 15 or more employees, Federal, State and Local governments, Educational Institutes, Employment Agencies, and Labor Unions.
Provisions: Unlawful Employment Practices, Establishment of Disparate Impact, Disparate Treatment, Mixed Motives, Bona Fide Occupational Qualification, Testing, Test Score Adjustments, Seniority or Merit Systems, Employment Advertising, Pregnancy, Preferential Treatment & Quotes
Affects Staffing: May not discriminate based on Race, Color, Religion, Sex or National Origin.
Age Discrimination in Employment Act (1967)
Covers: Private employers with 20 or more employees, Federal, State, and Local Governments, Employment Agencies, & Labor Unions.
Prohibited Age Discrimination: it is not unlawful to favor an older worker over a younger worker, even if both are over 40.
Bona Fide Occupational Qualification: Not unlawful for an employer to differentiate among applicants or employees on the basis of their age.
Reasonable Factors other Than Age: must be applied equally to all applicants
Employment Advertising- may not contain terms that limit or deter the employment of older individuals
Affects Staffing by allowing all individuals equal opportunities without his age affecting his status as an employee.
Americans With Disabilities Act (1990, 2008)
Covers: Employers with 15 or more employees, Federal, State and Local Governments.
Prohibited Discrimination: employer may not discriminate against an individual on the basis of a disability in regard to job application procedures, the hiring, advancement or discharge, compensation, or training.
Definition of Disability:
A. a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities of the individual
B. a record of such an impairment
C. being regarded as having such an impairment
Qualified Individual with a Disability: who can perform the essential...