The Big Five Personality Traits
PSY 330: Theories of Personalities
THE BIG FIVE PERSONALITY TRAITS
How can we determine our mental, physically, and emotionally traits that makes up our own individual personality? Is it possible to explain why we act the way we act to others in society, our family, or our friends? Well yes, there is a way for us to find the answers we are searching for within ourselves that answer is called the Big Five. The Big Five are five dimensions that are used to describe personality traits within a person. The five dimensions are Extraversion, Openness to Experiences, Neuroticism or Emotional Stability, Agreeableness, and Conscientiousness. Each dimension gives researchers a general analysis on how and why people act a certain way. The Big Five come from the statistical study of responses to personality items. Using a technique called factor analysis researchers can look at the responses of people to hundreds of personality items and ask the question "what is the best was to summarize an individual?", (Goldberg, Lewis R., 1992). This paper will be discussing the dimensions of the Big Five theory, the history of each factor, the impacts they each can have on human behavior.
An individual that contribute this model was Lewis Goldberg. He develop the markers for the Big Five factor structure, so researcher would be able to have a more transparent view and understanding of the 5 dimensions of human personalities. Many analyst did not believe that it would be possible because a individuals personality consist of many things, but Goldberg was able to narrow down the different traits and put them into five categories. The first dimension is Extraversion. This dimension is known to characterize by sociability, talkativeness assertiveness and excitability. A man name Carl Jung created the Introversion and Extraversion theory. Jung was a trait theorist in addition to being a depth psychologist....