September 21, 2015
The Original 13 Colonies
The original 13 colonies were created around the 16th century. It was divided into three sections- the New England Colonies, Middle Colonies, and the Southern Colonies. Each section developed their own economical, social, and political systems. Each section had their own people, religion, and resources that separated them from one another.
The New England Colonies were made up of four states; Rhode Island (1636-Roger Williams), New Hampshire (1679), Massachusetts (1620-John Carver), and Connecticut (1636-Thomas Hooker). The people in the New England Colonies were mainly from England. Their choice of religion was Puritan, religious freedom didn’t exist. The Puritans were very strict moralists and did not tolerate others that believed differently. Agriculture was difficult and unprofitable due to poor soils, cold temperatures, and short growing seasons. They focused on shipbuilding due to the abundance of lumber trade, and was mainly exporting the goods that they produced.
The Middle Colonies were made up of four states; Delaware (1704), New York (1664), New Jersey (1702), and Pennsylvania (1681-William Penn). The people of the middle colonies were influenced by Polish, English, Dutch, French, and German cultures. Their religious preference was a mixture of Quakers, Catholics, Lutherans, Jews, and many others. The middle colonies were known mostly for exporting agricultural products and natural resources and imported manufactured goods. They focused on iron ore products.
The Southern Colonies were made up of five states; Virginia (1607-John Smith), North Carolina (1663), South Carolina (1729), Georgia (1733-James Oglethorpe), and Maryland (1634-George Calvert). The people of the southern colonies were from European Nationalities. They were established more for profit rather than religious freedom. There was no Manufacturing, it was all based on agriculture. The agriculture...