The Pyramids

The Pyramids

Ancient Egypt

Why did the ancient Egyptians build pyramids?

The ancient Egyptians built pyramids as tombs for their Pharaohs and Queens.

Who built the Pyramids?

The farmers of ancient Egypt built the Pyramids.

How big were they?

The biggest and sturdiest pyramids are in Giza and the biggest pyramid in Giza was and still is 147m high. It weighs over 6.5 million tonnes.

How long did they take?

The pyramids took around 30 years to build.

Explain the process of their construction
Firstly, King Khufu’s architects drew out the plan of the world’s biggest pyramid in the sand.
Secondly, large blocks of stone were cut from quarries nearby.
A ramp was built so the second layer could be built on top of the first layer. As they went on, the ramp was built higher.
When the Pyramid was almost finished a special block at the top of the Pyramid was covered with shining metal.
Then blocks limestone from quires across the river were used to cover the pyramid. Then the pyramid was trimmed and smoothed out and completed.

What materials were used?

White limestone was used on the Pyramid along with mud bricks, limestone chippings and clay for the ramp. Gold limestone was used for the very top of the Pyramid.

What were the different types of Pyramids?

There are 2 different types of pyramids. There are: Step Pyramids and Normal Pyramids

What is believed to be the first Pyramid built?

The fist Pyramid ever built was a step Pyramid built before Pharaoh Djoser (known as the pyramid of Djoser) made over 4,600 years ago.

What was the history behind the initial design of the pyramids?

The pyramids were built as the same shape as a pyramid stone that was found in a temple. All the Egyptians believe that life came from this stone.

How were the interiors decorated?

The interiors of the pyramids were decorated with Egyptian scriptures that would help the pharaoh make his passage into the afterlife.

How did the pharaoh...

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