The Sexual Response Cycle
Axia College of the University of Phoenix
The sexual response cycle refers to the sequence of physical and emotional changes that occur as a person becomes sexually aroused or participates in sexually stimulating activities ( ). The sexual response cycle has four different phases. Both men and women experience these phases. The four phases if sexual response is excitement, plateau, orgasm, and resolution. ( ) states that knowing how both men and women’s bodies respond during each phase of the cycle can help enhance relationships and pinpoint many sexual problems. Understanding the sexual response cycle can help another’s body responses and enhance their sexual experiences.
In the first phase, excitement can last from a few minutes to several hours. For both men and women, muscle tension increases, heart rate accelerates and breathing for both intensifies. The skin becomes flushed and for women, the nipples become hardened and erect. In both men and women, blood flow increases causing the woman’s clitoris to swell and the man’s penis begins to become erect. In women, the vaginal lubrication begins and the breast becomes fuller and the vaginal walls begin to swell. The man’s testicles swell and his scrotum tightens and he also begins to secret lubricating liquid. In the plateau phase, the changes in the excitement phase are intensified. The woman’s vagina continues to swell from increased blood flow and the wall of the vagina turns dark purple. During this phase, the woman’s clitoris becomes highly sensitive and painful to touch. The man’s testicles are withdrawn up into the scrotum and for both breathing, heart rate, and blood pressure continues to increase. Both start to have muscle spasms in which increase in the feet, face, and hands.
During the orgasm phase, involuntary muscles contractions begin and breathing is at its highest rates. This also includes heart rate, blood pressure,...