Using the example of surveillance, discuss ways in which social welfare and crime control are entangled.
Surveillance is an occurrence which we all experience on a day to day basis. Society is monitored through different professionals, such as uniformed and non-uniformed workers, aided by security cameras. The use of surveillance is based on the need and demand to deliver crime control and social welfare polices to society and the people within it. This assignment will aim to look at the entanglements between social welfare and crime control, focusing on the use of surveillance when safeguarding children and in gated communities.
Social welfare concerns itself around people, the communities in which they live in and institutions which create and maintain social well-being, give social support and combat social inequalities through social inclusion. In comparison, the authority of crime control is more centred towards creating methods and interventions taken to reduce crime in society, maintaining social stability, social order and security over those who are perceived to threaten these in various ways.
There are many different forms of surveillance, not just cameras. Security guards, police officers and social workers are a form of surveillance, along with the use of technology, such as the internet and telephones. Closed circuit television (CCTV) is widely used in society today. It offers an opportunity of keeping close observation on a specific area, people or events, it enables the safety of the public and their surroundings. CCTV may capture any misbehaviour within society which may have been missed by personnel on the ground. It can also be referred back to an unlimited amount of times, and used as evidence.
When considering children, they are regarded as the most vulnerable group of people within society, and need extra protection from danger and risk. Surveillance in the form of support workers, midwifes, practitioners and psychologists provide...