Topical Clonidine (Neuropathic Pain) - Forecast and Market Analysis to 2022
Neuropathic pain (NP) is defined as a disorder of the sensorimotor system and is distinctly different from nociceptive pain, which is a consequence of trauma, injury, or inflammation. The main difference between neuropathic and nociceptive pain is the absence of a continuous nociceptive input in neuropathic pain. Although the term neuropathic pain is used to describe a wide range of pain syndromes with varying etiologies, this report focuses on 3 distinct forms of NP: Painful diabetic neuropathy, Postherpetic neuralgia and trigeminal neuralgia. The main classes of drugs used to treat these three neuropathic pain indications include anticonvulsants, antidepressants, opioids and topical treatments. However, despite the availability of multiple pain medications only 50% of patients respond to any given drug and there are numerous the side effects associated particularly with systemically administered drugs, that reduce their tolerability.
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New treatments will target some key unmet needs in terms of efficacy and tolerability, but opportunities will remain for drugs that can more reliably eradicated NP in targeted patient populations, as well as offering an improved safety profile.
BioDelivery Sciences International (BDSI) is currently planning Phase III clinical trials of a Topical Clonidine gel (0.1% clonidine hydrochloride) for the treatment of PDN, after the company entered into a worldwide licensing agreement with Arcion Therapeutics for clonidine in March 2013. Arcion had previously completed Phase II trials of the drug in PDN in December 2009, the results of which showed that it was effective in reducing pain associated with PDN, particularly in subjects with evidence of preserved nociceptors. In September...