The recent pandemonium in the Arab world as seen in the media points to the issues involved. Followers are often used by various toxic leaders through state apparatuses to fulfill toxic agendas or to unleash carnage on their own people. Secret police, soldiers, and all other devices of government are employed to sustain these toxic leaders and inflict havoc upon the general society. One can begin to argue that numerous problems exist when toxic leaders are at the helm of affairs. A major concern for the general society is how to prevent or mitigate the destructive or negative effects of toxic leadership.
In order to scrutinize the issues proposed in this project to the greatest extent possible, a qualitative research design will be employed. Phenomenology strategy will also be utilized, principally when what and how questions are posed when the researcher has little control over events and when to focus on a contemporary phenomenon within some real life circumstances (Tharpe,2007).Phenomenology is one of many types of qualitative research that studies the live experiences of humans. Phenomenology allows for the use of a wide range of data; the most mutual of which are in-depth interviews, comments, and memos that describe situations, record events, note feelings, and keep track of ideas (Goulding, 2005). Goulding further conjectured that the phenomenology method can easily be utilized as a general method analysis with any form of data collection, analysis, experiment, or case study. Phenomenology goes beyond unambiguous data collection methods and aids in situating the project.
Phenomenology suits this research because followers’ perceptions of toxic leaders are based on their experiences or knowledge of toxic leadership behavior and how followers make sense of toxic leadership behaviors. Phenomenologists have only two legitimate sources of data and those are the perceptions and experiences of the participants themselves. This in itself...