Answer the following:
1. What was the general atmosphere of the timeframe of this chapter and what two religious entities created that atmosphere? The timeframe was around the 1300’s – 1600’s. The two religious entities were the Muslims and the Christians.
2. What country led the way in hunting a sea route to India? Portugal led the way in hunting the sea route.
3. What were some “new technologies” that made this search seemingly easier? Mapmaking helped navigators better find locations and measure distances.
4. What was the significance of Vasco de Gama’s exploits? The major significance of Vasco Da Gama's voyages was that they opened maritime trade between Asia and Europe and they helped to create a Portuguese empire.
5. What was the significance of the exploits of Christopher Columbus? His voyage established the existence of the New World across the Atlantic. Failed at finding a new route to India, those who followed laid the primer for Spanish colonization of the Americas and for empires of other European nations, thus growing a new major trading network.
6. Before the Ottoman’s could become a major power, what area did they have to conquer? The Ottoman’s had to conquer the Constantinople.
7. What was it that enabled the Ottomans between 1500 and 1600 to conquer and consolidate their Empire? Their military technology, superior cavalry, infantry forces, cannons and muskets.
8. The Ottomans have been called a gunpowder empire. What were the other two Empires that were so called? Why were they called Gunpowder Empires? The Safavid and Mughal were other empires. They were called the Gunpowder Empires because they had considerable military using firearms, cannons and small arms in their empire.
9. Even though Charles V was given the title of Emperor by the Pope, it did not give him much power or financial gain. What was the significance of his title? He was the most powerful monarch in Europe.
10. With so many frontiers...