Anatomy & Physiology
in a human being, there are various studies that are carried out, whether it is by a cytologist, cardiologist, neurologist or anatomist. The list continues to a great extent. This specific study is referred to as Anatomy; Which pertains to the internal and external aspect of the body. On the other hand, there is also comparative anatomy which studies the way how different breed of species change throughout earlier years, in addition to comparing a similar feature or aspect.
When studying the body, or when an individual visits the doctor or clinic, they undergo a physical examination performed by the doctor or nurse.
There are different ways to examine the body but listed are a few. Percussion— which involves placing an instrument on a specific part of the body to check for various sounds in different areas of the body. There is also auscultation, where a specific instrument is used to listen to main organs and systems in the body. If there is a problem, it would sound like crackles or wheezes. In addition to percussion and auscultation, there is also palpation where an individual touches the body to determine different bodily characters. For example, does the specific spot on the patient’s hands have lumps or bumps? Are they small or big? Are they smooth or rough? All of these questions play a significant role in studying, diagnosing and treating a patient.
On the other hand, anatomy is divided into different sections such as gross anatomy, histology and Cytology. When one practices gross anatomy, they are basically making cuts or incisions on the body. For instance, removing the skin on a person’s back or hands. Histology comes into practice when there Is the use of a microscope to study the makeup of a cell, animal or plant. One example is taking an onion and slicing a thin piece of its tissue to view its cell under the microscope. When it is viewed, the cell would show a cell wall, the...