Chapter 1 Questions
1. What is “Surface Anatomy?”
2. Focuses on superficial and internal features like the eye, ear, nose etc. Is the anatomical organization of specific areas of the body, such as the head, neck or trunk.
3. The study of early developmental processes.
4. Deals with structures that cannot be seen without magnification.
5. The analysis of the structure of individual cells, the simplest units of life.
6. The examination of tissues † groups of specialized cells and cell products that work together to perform specific functions. Tissues combine to form organs, such as the heart, kidney, liver or brain.
7. Includes all aspects of the functioning of specific organ systems. Cardiovascular physiology, respiratory physiology, and reproductive physiology are examples.
8. Deals with changes in function resulting from disease. Is the study of the effects of diseases on organ or system functions.
9. Refers to the existence of a stable internal environment. To survive, every organism must maintain ______.
10. A variation outside the desired range triggers an automatic response that corrects the situation. Think Thermostat. An effector activated by the control center opposes, or negates, the original stimulus. Send signals to stop to achieve homeostasis. Ex. The control of body temp.
11. An initial stimulus produces a response that exaggerates or enhances the change in the original conditions rather than opposing it. This kind of escalating cycle is often called _______ _______ loop. An example is forceful labor contractions leading to birth. Send signal to continue until homeostasis is achieved.
12. When the body is in this position, the hands are at the sides with the palms facing forward.
13. Passes along the midline and divides the body into left and right halves.
14. Body cavity that includes the cranial cavity, which contains the brain, and the spinal cavity, which contains the spinal cord.
15. Cavity that includes superior...