In the 20th century, humankind experienced a number of significant milestone such as World War I and II and their subsequent economic recoveries, global population explosion, technological innovations, environmental degradation, and rapid development in information technology and globalization. These developments have had significant impact on an overwhelming percentage of the more than six billion human being that now inhabit the earth. More significantly, however, the world population is predicted to increase to nine billion by 2030, and no one has come with any good ideas about how these people will be provided by adequate food, water, and sanitation facilities. In addition to producing the food necessary to feed these people, other serious concerns with regard to agriculture’s role in preventing environmental degradation and insuring the safety of the food supply, especially with respect to bacterial and chemical contaminants as well as genetically engineered foods, are emerging worldwide and must be addressed.
Agricultural science will play a vital role in the solution of problems in areas such as food production and safety, environmental conservation, energy, and human health.
In the current world where the areas are being segmented into various lots of countries and regions, various problems in the field of agriculture, where the main aim of food production is being commenced, is occurring. Every country in this world is facing the food security problem. The increasing world population and the insufficient food production have led to a global food security problem. Moreover, food production is limited by the inherent capacity of the land to produce. In other words, the increase in world population and the low food production are being attributed to be the causes of the global food insecurity.
In today’s global climate, many areas face instability a variety of form. Political climates change suddenly, economic disasters strike with no warning, and...