Chamber of Commerce
1. Short Definition = A Chamber of Commerce (CC) can be seen as a public cooperation of companies to represent their interests.
2. History and Facts
1599 | 1794 | 1849 | 1919 | 2011 |
First CC worldwide was founded in Marseille (France). | The presently largest local CC was founded in Manchester. More than 5000 Members. | The first CC in Germany was founded in Bremen. | The International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) was founded. | Currently, there are 80 chambers of commerce in Germany and 13.000 chambers worldwide. |
2.1 Timetable with facts
3. Types of chambers
* On the one hand you have local and regional chambers. For example the IHK Region Stuttgart and on the other hand you have national chambers like the DIHK (German CC). The greatest chambers are the international ones (e.g. ICC).
4. Function of chambers
5.1 On the local and regional side
* Developing and publicizing business opportunities | * Improving community institutions |
* Information, education and advices * Represent their interests towards the communes, the land government, politics and the public
* Represent their interests towards the communes, the land government, politics and the public
| * (Discussion) forums |
5.2 On the national side
* Unitary voice for the affiliates | * Keeping organized business strong and effective | * Develop new markets and provide more jobs |
* Raise educational levels | * Stop perceived over-regulations | * Improve labor relations |
* Represent the interests of the national economy towards the federal politics and the European institutions |
5.3 On the international side
* Support and advance the world trade | * Liberalization of the international trade procedures and business practices | * Fair trade and competition |
* Counsels the World Trade Organization, the Economic and...