Computer Systems Analysts
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS are responsible for designing computer information
systems, modifying systems to improve production or work flow, or expanding
systems to serve new purposes. The information they deal with relates to
all aspects of an employer's operations planning, monitoring, testing,
accounting, forecasting, coordination, scheduling, etc. They must
understand the capabilities of the firm's equipment and software, and may
be asked to provide recommendations about selection of new equipment or
software packages. They may be responsible for a firm's entire system or
part of it, or work from project to project. They also may analyze systems
for their employer or for client firms.
The first task of the Computer Systems Analyst is the evaluation of business
procedures and problems. Analysts begin an assignment by talking with
managers or specialists to determine the precise nature of the problem and
to break it down into its component parts. This may involve interviews with
staff to specifically identify what information is being processed, where it
comes from, and where it goes. In addition to the interview method of data
collection, analysts also conduct written surveys and observe workers
performing tasks. On occasion an Analyst may assume the worker's role for a
week or so in order to understand and document the processes being performed.
After sufficient information has been collected, the analyst prepares charts
and diagrams that constitute a representation of the new system in terms
which managers or non-data-processing personnel can understand. Analysts
consult with management throughout this phase in order to confirm that the
analyst and the management agree on the principles of the system. Analysts
also prepare analyses which present cost versus benefit as a result of
implementing the proposed new system.
Once the system is accepted, Systems Analysts...