Differences Between Arabic And English Collocation
Collocations = Word partnerships = Words that go together
Most of the researchers who define collocation agree that it is a lexical unit consisting of a cluster of two or three words from different parts of speech. At its simplest it is a predictable association of words that naturally together in certain context...Collocations means a natural combination of words; it refers to the English words are closely associated with each other; a combination of two or more words which occur frequently together. (O’Dell and McCarthy: 4.6).
Regarding the types of collocation, there are different classifications. Firstly we have open collocations and restricted ones. In open collocations, the words can cluster with a wide range of other words whereas in restricted collocations, they are fixed like idioms. Such word combinations are also classified respectively as grammatical and lexical collocations. Grammatical collocations are combinations where a preposition is used with a noun, a verb or an adjective, (e.g. by accident, admiration for, agree with, account for, afraid of, amazed at .A lexical collocation is a type of construction where a verb, noun, adjective or adverb forms a predictable connection with another word, as in:
• Adverb + Adjective: completely satisfied (NOT downright satisfied)
• Adjective + Noun: excruciating pain (NOT excruciating joy)
• Noun + Verb: lions roar (NOT lions shout)
Verb + Noun: commit suicide (NOT undertake suicide). More examples of grammatical collocations:
1. Verb + noun
|Verb |noun |Example |Meaning of verb |
|Draw up |a list, a contract |Our lawyer draws up a contract for us |Prepare something usually official ,in writing |
| | |to sign. |...