Distinguishing the approaches
Distinguishing between the various approaches by great psychologists.
Psychology over the years has flourished as a science. However where and when did it all start and what were the first methods and techniques used by the founding fathers of psychology.
I will focus on three very influential psychologists,
- Wilhelm Wundt -1880’s
- Alfred Binet - 1890’s
- Sigmund Freud -1900’s
The transition of psychology from philosophy was conducted by Wundt and then Psychology as a science was born.
Wundt contributed greatly to psychological knowledge. Often referred to as the ‘Father of experimental psychology’ and the founder of modern psychology. With such associations Wundt also established laboratories equipped for psychological study, which were the fist of there time.
Wundt’s revolutionary approach to psychological study from the domain of philosophy and the natural sciences began. There he began to utilize psychological experimentation techniques in the laboratories.
Wundt as a mentor churned out students whom also became eminent psychologists, such as Granville Stanley Hall known as the father of child psychology, along with Edward Bradford Titchener known for his contribution to psychology through structuralism.
This is just a small portion on Wundt’s achievements, however in this short writing anyone reading can understand the idea of how influential Wundt was to today’s psychological studies.
Within the time of Binet, French education changed at the end of the nineteenth century, because of a law that passed which made it mandatory for children ages six onwards to attend school. This group to which Binet became a member hoped to begin studying children in a scientific manner. Binet and many other members of the society were appointed to the Commission for the abnormal.
One of Binet’s greatest contributions to psychological development was his Intelligence Quotient...