Body Fat and Eating Disorders
According to "What Is Body Composition" (2014), “Body composition is the body’s relative amount of fat to fat-free mass.” There are two categories that make up the body composition. They are fat free mass and body fat. Fat free mass is body parts that do not included any fats like the bones, the muscle and the tissues. Body fat is the fat located in the body. Too much body fat can lead to diseases like diabetes, heart disease and high blood pressure.
There are many different factors that are currently affecting the obesity epidemic in America. Some of the factors cannot be changed. Age, genetics and race are three of these factors. As a person ages, the hormones change and they body fat is absorbed differently. A child who has obese parents tends to be overweight throughout his or her life. Race is another factor that can affect the risk of obesity. Mexican American men are more likely to be obese than any other race. (Garko, 2014).
People with anorexia nervosa are afraid of gaining weight. In order to avoid gaining weight, people with this disorder severely limit the amount of food they intake. They have body image issues. They see a fat body even when they have no excess body fat. The disease often begins during the teen years in young adults when self-esteem can be low. The most effective treatment of this disease is counseling in the early stages of the disease. If left untreated, this disease can lead to osteoporosis, kidney failure and heart disease. It can be fatal. ("Anorexia Nervosa Health Center", 2005-2014)
“Bulimia nervosa is a serious, potentially life-threatening eating disorder characterized by a cycle of bingeing and compensatory behaviors such as self-induced vomiting designed to undo or compensate for the effects of binge eating” ("Bulimia Nervosa", n.d.). This disease is also often found more in young ladies. It is often accompanied by poor body image and depression.