Anorexia nervosa is also known as anorexia nervosa or anorexia mentalis, a mental disorder in the area of mentally conditioned eating disorders. Anorexia nervosa is not synonymous with the term anorexia, which merely describes more generally as a loss of appetite, for whatever reason.
Anorexia nervosa (Greek / lat.: About "nerve-induced anorexia") was first described in 1873 by Charles Lasègue and William Gull, and is thus the longest known eating disorder.
The mostly young female patient suffering from body image disturbance, ie, they take underweight despite a perceived as "too fat". Unlike other people do not achieve their self-esteem controlling for education services in professional, amateur or private life, but only from their weight and the ability to this.
Anorexia nervosa is less common disease with an estimated incidence of 0.7% among female teenagers than the bulimia, but shows a much less favorable course, often with serious physical complications. The disease most frequently begins in the teenage years, which may be a diet, which then gets out of control, a start. The disease can also occur in adults or even before the onset of puberty. Only one of twelve patients is male.
In some cases the illness lasts only briefly and does not need or just a short-term treatment. Other hand, the disease can be lengthy and respond to any treatment. Although anorexia nervosa can be cured in most cases, approximately 10% of patients dying ultimately as a result of anorexia.
The hallmark of anorexia nervosa is self-inflicted loss of weight, which is usually achieved by reduced eating, with particular foods that are known as "considered making bold" are omitted. Sometimes weight loss is supported by the abuse of diet pills, self-produced by vomiting or excessive exercise.
The disease begins before puberty, develops no female breast, also stops the growth in size.
On a psychological level the thoughts of those affected are...