Electoral College Informative Speech
By a show of hands, how many people here voted for President in the last election? What if I told you that, in fact, the vote you were casting wasn’t actually for president? When you cast your vote for a candidate, the vote actually goes to a group of electors. These electors will later cast an electoral vote in a separate election that that decides the presidency. This representative process is called the Electoral College. The Electoral College has had a long and controversial history, while differing political opinions have shaped its evolution and will continue to do so in the future.
I’ve reviewed many articles from legal journals as well as legal opinions by experts ranging from professors to senators, so I’m well versed on the subject. Almost everyone in this room will vote for the President someday, so it’s important to know how your vote affects the democratic process. With that in mind, I’ll be explaining the origins and history of the Electoral College, how it works today, and the differing views on current system.
We start by going back to the beginning of the Electoral College, which means going back to the founding of our country.
Article 2 of the US Constitution, which was signed in 1787, establishes the system of the Electoral College, which was favored at the time over a popular vote. In a 2011 article from the Historian titled The Great Compromise of 1787, noted historian Todd Estes explains the political attitudes of the time. During the framing of the constitution, some politicians believed a popular election would give too much power to highly populated areas where people were familiar with a candidate. Others objected to the possibility of letting Congress alone make the selection. The Constitutional Convention decided to put the election of president up to a system of electors that was a compromise between the conflicting opinions of larger and smaller states. Each state gets a number of electors...