Associate Program Material
Answer each question in 50 to 150 words. Provide citations for all the sources you use.
1. What is diversity? Why is diversity valued?
The term "diversity" is used broadly to refer to many demographic variables, including, but not limited to, race, religion, color, gender, national origin, disability, sexual orientation, age, education, geographic origin, and skill characteristics. (http://www.doi.gov/pmb/eeo/what-is-diversity.cfm)
Diversity is valued because in our country there are many different cultures and nationalities that the citizens are made of. Diversity must be embraced to be a fully functioning part of society.
2. What is ethnocentrism? In what ways can ethnocentrism be detrimental to a society? Ethnocentrism is the tendency to look at the world primarily from the perspective of one's own ethnic culture. (http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Ethnocentrism)
Ethnocentrism can be detrimental to a society because it leads to wrong assumptions about different cultures. It can also lead to stereotyping or thinking that you are superior to a different culture because their beliefs do not mirror our own.
3. Define emigration and immigration.
Emigration is the act of leaving one's country or region with the intent to settle permanently in another. (www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Ethnocentrism)
Immigration is the act of moving to or settling in another country or region, temporarily or permanently. (http://www.wordiq.com/definition/Immigration)
4. What are some of the ways groups of people are identified?
The four criteria for classifying minority groups are race, ethnicity, religion, and gender. A minority or subordinate group has five characteristics: unequal treatment, distinguishing
physical or cultural traits, involuntary membership, awareness of subordination,
and in group marriage. Schaefer (2012) (p. 6)
5. Why do people label and group other...