GED 216 Intro to Sociology Unit 2 Exam
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Multiple Choice Questions (Enter your answers on the enclosed answer sheet)
1. Carol Gilligan’s work on the issue of self-esteem in girls showed that
a. girls begin with low self-esteem, but it gradually increases as they progress through adolescence.
b. at all ages, girls have higher self-esteem than boys.
c. at all ages, boys have higher self-esteem than girls.
d. girls begin with high levels of self-esteem, which gradually decrease as they go through adolescence.
2. George Herbert Mead considered the self to be
a. the part of an individual’s personality that is composed of self-awareness and self-image.
b. the presence of culture within the individual.
c. basic drives that are self-centered.
d. present in infants at the time of their birth.
3. Mead placed the origin of the self on
a. biological drives.
c. social experience.
d. the functioning of the brain.
4. According to Mead, social experience involves
a. understanding the world in terms of our senses.
b. the exchange of symbols.
c. a mix of biological instinct and learning.
d. acting but not thinking.
5. By “taking the role of the other,” Mead had in mind
a. imagining a situation in terms of past experience.
b. recognizing that people have different views of most situations.
c. imagining a situation from another person’s point of view.
d. trading self-centeredness for a focus on helping other people.
6. When Cooley used the concept of the “looking-glass self,” he claimed that
a. people are self-centered.
b. people see themselves as they think others see them.
c. people see things only from their own point of view.
d. our actions are a reflection of our values.
7.According to Mead, children learn to take the role of the other as they model themselves on important people in their lives, such as parents. Mead...