The third type of diabetes is gestational diabetes. This type of diabetes develops only during pregnancy and occurs mostly in African Americans, American Indians, Hispanic Americans, and women with family history of diabetes. Women who get gestational diabetes have a 20 to 50 percent chance of developing type 2 diabetes in five to ten years.It usually occurs during the later stages of pregnancy after the baby has been formed but is still growing. If this condition is left untreated or if it is poorly controlled, it can lead to complications for the baby. However, when treated properly the mother and baby will be healthy and not suffer with diabetes after the birth.
Diagnosis of diabetes can be done through several different tests. The preferred test of type1 and type 2 is a fasting plasma glucose test and has best results in the morning. The test is positive when the random plasma glucose level is 200 mg/dL or more or the plasma glucose level of 126 mg/dL or more after fasting for eight hours. The oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) will have a plasma glucose level of 200 mg/dL or more in a blood sample that was taken two hours after a person had consumed a drink. Gestational diabetes is also diagnosed by the OGTT which tests the plasma glucose levels.
Insulin is used to manage diabetes depending on how bad the person’s diabetes is affecting their body. Insulin comes in the form of a shot for everyone with type 1 and some people with type 2. The shot is the only way for insulin to be used because if it was a pill it would just be digested as food and would do the body no good, but the shot injects the insulin into the fat under the skin for the body to use it properly. It is made to prevent bacteria from growing and help to maintain a neural balance between bases and acids. If the body does not respond correctly to the insulin the skin will develop darkened skin patches in a condition known as acanthosis nigricans.
Blood vessel damage comes...