Introduction to General Relativity

Introduction to General Relativity

• Submitted By: paul002
• Date Submitted: 02/25/2011 3:18 AM
• Category: Science
• Words: 6879
• Page: 28
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Introduction to general relativity

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Introduction to general relativity
General relativity (GR) is a theory of gravitation that was developed by Albert Einstein between 1907 and 1915. According to general relativity, the observed gravitational attraction between masses results from their warping of space and time. By the beginning of the 20th century, Newton's law of universal gravitation had been accepted for more than two hundred years as a valid description of the gravitational force between masses. In Newton's model, gravity is the result of an attractive force between massive objects. Although even Newton was bothered by the unknown nature of that force,[1] the basic framework was extremely successful at describing motion. Experiments and observations show that Einstein's description of gravitation accounts for several effects that are unexplained by Newton's law, such as minute anomalies in the orbits of Mercury and other planets. General relativity also predicts novel effects of gravity, such as gravitational waves, gravitational lensing and an effect of gravity on time known as gravitational time dilation. Many of these predictions have been High-precision test of general relativity by the Cassini space probe confirmed by experiment, while others are the subject (artist's impression): radio signals sent between the Earth and the probe (green wave) are delayed by the warping of space and time of ongoing research. For example, although there is (blue lines) due to the Sun's mass. indirect evidence for gravitational waves, direct evidence of their existence is still being sought by several teams of scientists in experiments such as the LIGO and GEO 600 projects. General relativity has developed into an essential tool in modern astrophysics. It provides the foundation for the current understanding of black holes, regions of space where gravitational attraction is so strong that not even light can escape. Their strong gravity is thought to be...