President Thomas Jefferson held presidential office for two consecutive terms from 1801-1809. A “Renaissance Man” as many would say, Jefferson was a statesman, philosopher, scientist, architect, and lawyer. Ironically, Jefferson was a slaveholder as well. As the author of the Declaration of Independence, and the Statute for Religious Freedom, Jefferson is remembered as a great president, and for all of his great achievements and successful contributions to our country. He was a founder of the Democratic Party, and became one of the leading American architects of his time and designed the Virginia Capitol, the University of Virginia, and his own home, Monticello. Jefferson had a good-humored nature and was multi-lingual. He spoke French, Italian, Spanish, Greek, and Latin, but also studied some 40 American-Indian languages. The death of his wife and five of his six children left Jefferson with a deep sense of loneliness, and caused him to mourn.
President Andrew Jackson held office from 1829 – 1837. Jackson had little formal schooling and was orphaned at age 14, and later moved to Tennessee frontier and became a successful lawyer, land speculator, and planter, living on his estate, The Hermitage. Jackson was defeated the Red Stick Creeks at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend in 1814. Eight hundred "Red Sticks" were killed, but Jackson spared chief William Weatherford. Sam Houston and David Crockett served under Jackson in this campaign. After the victory, Jackson imposed the Treaty of Fort Jackson upon both the Northern Creek enemies and the Southern Creek allies, wresting twenty million acres (81,000 km²) from all Creeks for white settlement. Jackson was appointed Major General after this action.