G U I D E B O O K
Planning and Designing Highways and Streets that Support Sustainable and Livable Communities
New Jersey Department of Transportation
Pennsylvania Department of Transportation
The Pennsylvania and New Jersey Departments of Transportation have partnered in the development of the Smart Transportation Guidebook — a roadmap to a successful future! The goal of the Guidebook is to integrate the planning and design of streets and highways in a manner that fosters development of sustainable and livable communities. The Guidebook has equal applicability to rural, suburban and urban areas. Transportation needs will always outweigh available resources. Smart transportation means incorporating financial constraints, community needs and aspirations, land use, and environmental constraints during project development. The result will be an effective use of resources and a lasting community asset. Deep appreciation is extended to the design and planning personnel from both the New Jersey and Pennsylvania Departments of Transportation who participated in the preparation of this Guidebook. Their creativity was critical to the success of this effort. Thanks also go to the Federal Highway Administration Division Offices from both New Jersey and Pennsylvania for their contributions and review of the guidebook. And special appreciation goes to the Delaware Valley Regional Planning Commission for administering the work of the consultant production team. The principles and concepts in the Smart Transportation Guidebook are offered for use and thoughtful deliberation in all communities throughout Pennsylvania and New Jersey.
Allen D. Biehler r PennDOT Secretary y
Kris Kolluri i NJDOT Commissioner
TABLE OF CONTENTS
How to Use This Book Chapter 1: Introduction i 1
1.1 WHY IS SMART TRANSPORTATION IMPORTANT? WHY THIS BOOK? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ....