Justice is seen as a concept that is balanced between law and morality. The laws that support social harmony are considered just. Rawls states that justice is the first virtue of social institutions; this means that a good society is one structured according to principles of justice. The significance of principles of justice is to provide a way of assigning rights and duties in the basic institutions of the society and defining the appropriate distribution of the benefits and burdens of the society.
The principles are expected to represent the moral basis of political government. These principles indicate that humankind needs liberty and freedom so long as they do harm others. Justice is significant to human development and prosperity. The challenge of justice is to ensure a just distribution of primary goods that include powers and opportunities, rights and liberties, means of self-respect, income and wealth among others
You cannot reimburse for the sufferings of the distressed by enhancing the joys of the successful. Fairness according to him occurs when the society makes sure that every individual is treated equally before the law and given a chance to succeed in a socially moderated life. Behind the veil of ignorance, all individuals are specified as rational, free and morally equal beings in the society. Individuals behind the veil of ignorance do not know anything about themselves, their natural abilities, or their position in the society. The individuals know nothing about their sex, race, nationality and individual tastes. Ignorance to the details about oneself will eventually lead to the development of schemes of the principles of justice that are fair to all in the society
Each individual is to have an equal right to most general basic liberty well suited with the same liberty for others.
Economic and social inequalities are to be set in a way that they are both rationally projected to be everyone’s advantage and to be attached to positions that...