Law and Order

Law and Order

  • Submitted By: abid931
  • Date Submitted: 12/17/2013 5:00 AM
  • Category: Social Issues
  • Words: 21491
  • Page: 86
  • Views: 140

law and order

a situation in which the laws of a country are being obeyed, especially when the police or army are used to make certain of this
* Law and order (politics), a term common in political debate and discussion, generally indicating support of a strict criminal justice system
State of society where vast majority of population respects the rule of law, and where the law enforcement agencies observe laws that limit their powers. Maintaining law and order implies firm dealing with occurrences of theft, violence, and disturbance of peace, and rapid enforcement of penalties imposed under criminal law. See also rule of law.

rule of law
Absolute predominance or supremacy of ordinary law of the land over all citizens, no matter how powerful. First expounded by the UK law Professor A. V. Dicey in his 1885 book 'Introduction To The Study Of Law Of The Constitution,' it is based on three principles that (1) legal duties, and liability to punishment, of all citizens, is determined by the ordinary (regular) law and not by any arbitrary official fiat, government decree, or wide discretionary-powers, (2) disputes between citizens and government officials are to be determined by the ordinary courts applying ordinary law, and the (3) fundamental rights of the citizens (freedom of the person, freedom of association, freedom of speech) are rooted in the natural law, and are not dependent on any abstract constitutional concept, declaration, or guaranty.
1. legal duties and liability to punishment for all citizens are determined by ordinary law.
2. decision in disputes between a citizen and govt. official is given by ordinary court implementing ordinary law
3. fundamental rights are determined by natural law and do not depends on any constitution.


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