Aqueduct of Segovia
The Romans constructed many aqueducts to serve any large city in their empire, as well as a lot of small towns and industrial areas. The city of Rome had the largest amount of aqueducts, with water being supplied by eleven aqueducts constructed over about 500 years. They served drinking water and supplied the many baths and fountains in Rome, as well as finally being emptied into the sewers.
Altogether the length of the aqueducts in the city of Rome is approximately a little over 500 miles. However, only 29 miles were above ground, because most Roman aqueducts ran beneath the surface of the ground. Building underground helped to keep the water free from disease and helped protect the aqueducts from enemy attack. The longest Roman aqueduct was in Constantinople. The second longest was the Zaghouan Aqueduct. It is 57.5 miles in length. It was built in the 2nd century to supply Carthage.
Differences in Engineering
Ancient Roman Baths
Bathing played a major part in ancient Roman culture and society.
Bathing was one of the most common daily activities in Roman culture, and was practiced across almost all of the social classes. Though many contemporary cultures see bathing as a very private activity conducted in the home, bathing in Rome was a communal activity. While the extremely wealthy could afford bathing facilities in their homes, bathing most commonly occurred in public facilities called thermae. In some ways, these resembled modern-day spas. The Romans raised bathing to a high art as they socialized in these communal baths. Courtship was conducted, as well as sealing business deals, as they built lavish baths on natural hot springs. Such was the importance of baths to Romans that a catalogue of buildings in Rome from 354 AD documented 952 baths of varying sizes in the city.