Martin Luther King Jnr
Martin Luther King Jnr was born on January 15th, 1929. Martin was the eldest son of Martin Luther King Sr. He was originally named as Michael Luther King Jnr; however he changed his name to Martin. His Grandfather and his Father were pastors, when Martin’s father died he acted as a co-pastor. He attended segregated public schools in Georgia; he graduated from High school at fifteen years old. He received the B. A. degree in 1948 from Morehouse College, a distinguished Negros institution of Atlanta from which both his father and his grandfather had graduated from. He studied for three years at Crozer Theological seminary in Pennsylvania; he was then elected as president of a predominantly white senior class. He was awarded the B.D. in 1951, he won a fellowship at Crozer, and he then enrolled in graduate studies at Boston University. He completed his residence for the doctorate in 1953 and receiving the degree in 1955. His studies at Crozer and Boston led him to explore the works of Ghandi, Ghandi’s ideas became the centre of his own philosophy of nonviolent protest.
In Boston he met and married Coretta Scott in 1953, Coretta was a young woman that had unusual intellectual and artistic attainments. Together they had two sons and two daughters.
In 1954, he accepted the pastoral of the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Alabama. Martin Luther King Jnr was always a strong worker for civil rights for members of his race; he was a member of the executive committee of the National Association for the Advancement of Coloured People, it was the leading organization of its kind in the nation. By then he was ready in December, 1955, to accept the leadership of the first great Negro nonviolent demonstration of contemporary times in the United States of America, the bus boycott described by Gunnar Jahn in his presentation speech in honour of the laureate.
The boycott lasted for 382 days. Then on December 21, 1956, the Negros and whites...