“my life time I have dedicated myself to this struggle of the African people. I have fought against white domination, and I have fought against black domination. I have cherished the ideal of a democratic and free society in which all persons live together in harmony and with equal opportunities. It is an ideal which I hope to live for and to achieve. But if needs be, it is an ideal for which I am prepared to die.”
Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela was born in a small village in Transkei near Umata the 18th of July in 1918. He had thirteen brothers and sisters and among them he was the first one to get a school education. His father, Henry Mandela, was the leader of the Tembu tribe. Nelson’s family was very respected in the village. Nelson Mandela went to the University College of Fort hare and the University of Witwatersand. In 1942 he was an educated lawyer. In 1944 he joined the ANC (African National Congress.) ANC was created by a group of African chieftains, lawyers and teachers. It was the first organisation that turned to the black part of the South African inhabitants.
In the 40’s, during the second world war Nelson and 60 other fanatic ANC members started a line of the ANC who was going to transform the ANC organisation to a mass movement against the white domination. Nelson worked hard with this task and got promoted to secretary of the ANC.
When National Party won the election in 1948 the ANC reacted very strong. For the first time of ANC’s history they started to protest violently and the black civilians stopped following the rules that the white government had set up for them. ANC also decided that they were going to demand equal rights for everyone.
The ANC wanted the black people to understand what was going on in the South African society so they started to educate analphabetic adults and they let children go to school for free.
Their next big project was to travel all around South Africa to request the black people to civilian disobedience. Nelson...