In this assignment, you will apply key concepts covered in the module readings. You will identify the component parts of arguments and differentiate between various types of arguments such as inductive and deductive. You will then construct specific, original arguments.
There are two parts to the assignment. Complete both parts.
1a: Identify Components of Arguments
Identify the component parts of the argument, premises and conclusion, for the following passages. Where applicable, highlight key words or phrases that identify a claim as a premise or a conclusion.
Refer to the following example:
“All men are mortal. Socrates is a man. Therefore, Socrates is mortal.”
All men are mortal. Premise
Socrates is a man. Premise
Therefore, Socrates is mortal. Conclusion
“Therefore” is a key word indicating the claim is the conclusion.
1. Sue is pregnant and will give birth to one child. We know already this child has no genetic anomalies. If Sue’s baby is a boy, he will be named Mark. If Sue’s baby is a girl, she will be named Margaret. Sue will have either a boy or a girl. So we know Sue’s baby will be named Mark or Margaret.
Sue is pregnant. Premise
Sue will have either a boy or girl. Premise
Sue’s baby will be named Mark or Margaret. Conclusion
“So” is a key word indicating the conclusion.
2. If the library has The Lord of the Rings, you won’t find it on the first floor. This is because all fantasy novels are fiction and all works of fiction are housed on the second floor of the library. Of course, I am assuming that all the books are properly shelved at this time.
You won’t find it on first floor. Premise
Works of fiction are housed on second floor. Premise
Of course, I am assuming all books are properly shelved. Conclusion
“Of course” is key word indicating the conclusion.
3. “After a year, brain scans showed that among the walkers, the...