´╗┐Qualitative research: evaluates and uses concepts to explicate, focuses on aesthetics in texts, theoretical. Interprets, leads to an evaluation, Interpretation can be attacked

Quantitative Research: Counts measures, process data collected, focuses on incidences of X in texts, Statistical. Describes explains, and predicts, leads to a hypothesis or theory. Methodology can be attacked.

Diachronic Research: study or analysis concerns itself with the evolution and change over time of that which is studied; it is roughly equivalent to historical. Thus diachronic linguistics is also known as historical linguistics.

Synchronic Research: study or analysis, in contrast, limits its concern to a particular moment of time. Thus synchronic linguistics takes a language as a working system at a particular point in time without concern for how it has developed to its present state.

Primary Sources: a document or physical object, which was written or created during the time under study. These sources were present during an experience or time period and offer an inside view of a particular event.

Secondary Sources: A secondary source interprets and analyzes primary sources. These sources are one or more steps removed from the event. Secondary sources may have pictures, quotes or graphics of primary sources in them.

Textual Analysis

Semiotic Analysis: the term: the study of signs and sign processes (semiosis), indication, designation, likeness, analogy, metaphor, symbolism, signification, and communication. Semiotics is closely related to the field of linguistics, which, for its part, studies the structure and meaning of language more specifically.

Rhetorical Analysis: A rhetorical analysis can be written about other texts, television shows, films, collections of artwork, or a variety of other communicative mediums that attempt to make a statement to an intended audience. In order to write a rhetorical analysis, you need to be able to determine how the...

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